Legs, Anterior (1:25 Vertical)

 

Patient position: The patient stands upright with the feet slightly apart and the arms elevated out of view.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:25.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the anterior legs.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the anterior legs.

Plane of focus: At the level of the legs or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:25 is less critical when photographing the anterior legs. The photograph includes the level of hte iliac crests to the toes. Ensure that the camera is level with the legs. The center of the frame is just above the knees between the legs. It is impossible to photograph the adult legs entirely at 1:25 if the patient is in the supine position.

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the anterior. Remove distractions such as clothing patient gown, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. 

 

 

 

Upper Legs, Anterior (1:15 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands upright with the feet slightly apart and the arms elevated out of view.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:15.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the anterior upper legs.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the anterior upper legs.

Plane of focus: At the level of the legs or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:15 is less critical when photographing the anterior upper legs. The photograph includes the level of the iliac crests to just below the knees. Ensure that the camera is level with the legs. 

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the anterior. Remove distractions such as clothing patient gown, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. 

 

 

Lower Legs, Anterior (1:15 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands upright with the feet slightly apart.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:15.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the anterior lower legs.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the anterior lower legs.

Plane of focus: At the level of the legs or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:15 is less critical when photographing the anterior legs. Just above the knees and just below the feet are the superior and inferior borders of the image. Ensure that the camera is level with the legs. 

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the anterior. Remove distractions such as clothing patient gown, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. 

 

 

Legs, Posterior (1:25 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands upright with the feet slightly apart and the arms elevated out of view.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:25.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the posterior legs.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the posterior legs.

Plane of focus: At the level of the back of the legs or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:25 is less critical when photographing the posterior legs. The photograph includes the level of the iliac crests to the toes. Ensure that the camera is level with the legs. The center of the frame is just above the knees between the legs. It is impossible to photograph the adult legs entirely at 1:25 if the patient is in the supine position.

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the anterior. Remove distractions such as clothing patient gown, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. 

 

 

Upper Legs, Posterior (1:15 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands upright with the feet slightly apart and the hands elevated out of view.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:15.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the posterior upper legs.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the posterior upper legs.

Plane of focus: At the level of the legs or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:15 is less critical when photographing the posterior upper legs. The photograph includes the level of the iliac crests to just below the knees. Ensure that the camera is level with the legs.

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the anterior. Remove distractions such as clothing patient gown, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. 

 

 

Lower Legs, Posterior (1:15 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands upright with the feet slightly apart.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:15.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the posterior lower legs.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the posterior lower legs.

Plane of focus: At the level of the lower legs or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:15 is less critical when photographing the posterior legs. Just above the knees and just below the feet are the superior and inferior borders of the image. Ensure that the camera is level with the legs.

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the anterior. Remove distractions such as clothing patient gown, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. 

 

 

Leg, Lateral (1:25 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands upright with the feet slightly apart and arms elevated out of view.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:25.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the lateral leg.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the lateral leg.

Plane of focus: At the level of the lower leg or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:25 is less critical when photographing the lateral leg. The photograph includes the level of the iliac crests to the toes. Ensure that the camera is level with the leg. The center of the frame is just above the knee

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the anterior. Remove distractions such as clothing patient gown, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. 

 

 

 

Leg, Medial (1:25 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands upright with the normal leg and arms elevated out of view.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:25.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the medial leg.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the medial leg.

Plane of focus: At the level of the lower leg or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:25 is less critical when photographing the medial leg. Ensure that the camera is level with the leg. The center of the frame is just above the knee.

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the anterior. Remove distractions such as clothing patient gown, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. 

 

 

Upper Leg, Medial (1:15 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands upright with the normal leg and arms elevated out of view.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:15.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the medial upper leg.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the medial upper leg.

Plane of focus: At the level of the lower leg or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:15 is less critical when photographing the medial leg. Ensure that the camera is level with the leg. 

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the anterior. Remove distractions such as clothing patient gown, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. 

 

 

Lower Leg, Medial (1:15 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands upright with the normal leg elevated out of view.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:15.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the medial lower leg.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the medial lower leg.

Plane of focus: At the level of the lower leg or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:15 is less critical when photographing the medial leg. Just above the knee and just below the bottom of the foot are the superior and inferior borders of the image. Ensure that the camera is level with the leg. 

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the anterior. Remove distractions such as clothing patient gown, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury.