Feet, Dorsal (1:10 Horizontal)

Patient position: The patient lies supine on a gurney with the knees bent 90°. The head of the bed may be elevated. The soles of the feet are placed flat on the gurney one to two inches apart. Alternatively, the patient may stand or sit with the feet flat on the floor.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:10.

Camera position: The camera is held in the horizontal format on a plane parallel to the dorsal feet.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the bottom of the barrel of the lens directed at the feet.

Plane of focus: At the level of the feet or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:10 is obtained by placing the camera on manual focus, moving the focus ring to a reproduction ratio of 1:10, moving the camera closer to or farther from the subject until the feet are in sharp focus, and shooting the photograph. Ensure that the camera is on a plane parallel to the feet.

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in teh hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the feet and casts unwanted shadows. With the flash placed under the barrel of the lens, the shadows fall underneath the feet out of sight. Remove distractions such as clothing or jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. Using the automatic or program exposure modes may produce in photographs with poor depth of field.

 

 

Foot, Dorsal (1:8 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient lies supine on a gurney with the knees bent 90°. The head of the bed may be elevated. The sole of the foot is placed flat on the gurney one to two inches apart. Alternatively, the patient may stand or sit with the foot flat on the floor.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:8.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the dorsal foot.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the bottom of the barrel of the lens directed at the foot.

Plane of focus: At the level of the foot or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:8 is obtained by placing the camera on manual focus, moving the focus ring to a reproduction ratio of 1:8, moving the camera closer to or farther from the subject until the foot is in sharp focus, and shooting the photograph. Ensure that the camera is on a plane parallel to the foot.

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in teh hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the foot and casts unwanted shadows. With the flash placed under the barrel of the lens, the shadows fall underneath the foot out of sight. Remove distractions such as clothing or jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. Using the automatic or program exposure modes may produce in photographs with poor depth of field.

 

 

Foot, Lateral (1:8 Horizontal)

Patient position: The patient stands with the photographed foot placed on a draped step stool with the lower leg perpendicular to the ground.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:8.

Camera position: The camera is held in the horizontal format on a plane parallel to the lateral foot.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the foot.

Plane of focus: At the level of the lateral foot or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:8 is obtained by placing the camera on manual focus, moving the focus ring to a reproduction ratio of 1:8, moving the camera closer to or farther from the subject until the lateral foot is in sharp focus, and shooting the photograph. Ensure that the camera is on a plane parallel to the lateral foot.

Common mistakes: The lateral foot should be photographed bearing weight whenever possible. Injury or disease, however, may not allow weight bearing. Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the foot. Remove distractions such as clothing or jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. Using the automatic or program exposure modes may produce in photographs with poor depth of field.

 

 

Foot, Medial (1:8 Horizontal)

Patient position: The patient stands with the photographed foot placed on a draped step stool with the lower leg perpendicular to the ground.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:8.

Camera position: The camera is held in the horizontal format on a plane parallel to the lateral foot.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the foot.

Plane of focus: At the level of the lateral foot or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:8 is obtained by placing the camera on manual focus, moving the focus ring to a reproduction ratio of 1:8, moving the camera closer to or farther from the subject until the lateral foot is in sharp focus, and shooting the photograph. Ensure that the camera is on a plane parallel to the lateral foot.

Common mistakes: The medial foot should be photographed bearing weight whenever possible. Injury or disease, however, may not allow weight bearing. Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the foot. Remove distractions such as clothing or jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. Using the automatic or program exposure modes may produce in photographs with poor depth of field.

 

 

Feet, Posterior (1:10 Horizontal)

Patient position: The patient stands on a draped step stool with the feet slightly apart.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:10.

Camera position: The camera is held in the horizontal format on a plane parallel to the posterior feet.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the bottom of the barrel of the lens directed at the feet.

Plane of focus: At the level of the feet or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:10 is obtained by placing the camera on manual focus, moving the focus ring to a reproduction ratio of 1:10, moving the camera closer to or farther from the subject until the feet are in sharp focus, and shooting the photograph. Ensure that the camera is level with the feet.

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in teh hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the feet and casts unwanted shadows if a 60-mm macro or shorter lens is used. Remove distractions such as clothing or jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. Using the automatic or program exposure modes may produce in photographs with poor depth of field.

 

 

Feet, Plantar (1:10 Horizontal)

Patient position: The patient lies supine on a gurney with legs fully extended. The head of the bed may be elevated. The feet should be one inch apart. The patient or assistant holds a sheet behind the feet to provide a uniform background.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:10.

Camera position: The camera is held in the horizontal format on a plane parallel to the plantar feet.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the feet.

Plane of focus: At the level of the feet or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:10 is obtained by placing the camera on manual focus, moving the focus ring to a reproduction ratio of 1:10, moving the camera closer to or farther from the subject until the feet are in sharp focus, and shooting the photograph. Ensure that the camera is on a plane parallel to the feet.

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in teh hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the feet if a 60-mm macro or shorter lens is used. Remove distractions such as clothing or jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. Using the automatic or program exposure modes may produce in photographs with poor depth of field.

 

 

Foot, Plantar (1:8 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient lies supine on a gurney with the leg fully extended. The head of the bed may be elevated. The patient or assistant holds a sheet behind the foot to provide a uniform background.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:8.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the plantar foot.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the foot.

Plane of focus: At the level of the lateral foot or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:8 is obtained by placing the camera on manual focus, moving the focus ring to a reproduction ratio of 1:8, moving the camera closer to or farther from the subject until the lateral foot is in sharp focus, and shooting the photograph. Ensure that the camera is on a plane parallel to the foot.

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the foot. Remove distractions such as clothing or jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. Using the automatic or program exposure modes may produce in photographs with poor depth of field.

 

 

Foot, Posterior (1:8 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands on a draped step stool with the unaffected foot out of view.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:8.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the posterior foot.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the foot.

Plane of focus: At the level of the lateral foot or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:8 is obtained by placing the camera on manual focus, moving the focus ring to a reproduction ratio of 1:8, moving the camera closer to or farther from the subject until the lateral foot is in sharp focus, and shooting the photograph. Ensure that the camera is on a plane parallel to the posterior foot.

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the foot. Remove distractions such as clothing or jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. Using the automatic or program exposure modes may produce in photographs with poor depth of field.