Elbows, Posterior (1:15 Horiztonal)

Patient position: The patient stands upright in the anatomic position.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:15.

Camera position: The camera is held in the horizontal format on a plane parallel to the posterior elbows.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the posterior elbows.

Plane of focus: At the level of the elbows or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:15 is not critical for photographing the posterior elbows. The lateral borders of the frame include both elbows with a reasonable margin of background. Ensure that the camera is level with the elbows. Have the patient stand whenever possible to photograph the posterior elbows.

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the elbows if a 60-mm macro lens or less is used.

 

 

Elbow, Posterior (1:8 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands upright in the anatomic position.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:8.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the posterior elbow.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the posterior elbow.

Plane of focus: At the level of the elbow or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:8 is obtained by placing the camera on manual focus, moving the focus ring to a reproduction ratio of 1:8, moving the camera closer to or farther from the subject until the elbow is in sharp focus, and shooting the photograph. Ensure that the camera is level with the elbow. 

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the elbow. Remove distractions such as clothing, patient gown, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury.

 

 

Elbow, Antecubital Fossa (1:8 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands upright in the anatomic position.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:8.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the antecubital fossa.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the antecubital fossa.

Plane of focus: At the level of the antecubital fossa or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:8 is obtained by placing the camera on manual focus, moving the focus ring to a reproduction ratio of 1:8, moving the camera closer to or farther from the subject until the antecubital fossa is in sharp focus, and shooting the photograph. Ensure that the camera is level with the antecubital fossa. 

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the elbow. Remove distractions such as clothing, patient gown, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury.

 

 

Elbow, lateral (1:8 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands upright in the anatomic position.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:8.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the lateral elbow.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the lateral elbow

Plane of focus: At the level of the elbow or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:8 is obtained by placing the camera on manual focus, moving the focus ring to a reproduction ratio of 1:8, moving the camera closer to or farther from the subject until the elbow is in sharp focus, and shooting the photograph. Ensure that the camera is level with the elbow. 

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the elbow. Remove distractions such as clothing, patient gown, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury.

 

 

Flexed Elbow, lateral (1:8 Horizontal)

Patient position: The patient stands upright with the elbow flexed at 90°.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:8.

Camera position: The camera is held in the horizontal format on a plane parallel to the lateral, flexed elbow.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the lateral, flexed elbow

Plane of focus: At the level of the elbow or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:8 is obtained by placing the camera on manual focus, moving the focus ring to a reproduction ratio of 1:8, moving the camera closer to or farther from the subject until the elbow is in sharp focus, and shooting the photograph. Ensure that the camera is level with the elbow. 

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the elbow. Remove distractions such as clothing, patient gown, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury.