Ears, Anterior (1:10 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient sits upright and looks straight ahead. Retract hair that obscures the view of the ears.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:10.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the anterior face.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the ears.

Plane of focus: At the level of the ears.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:10 is obtained by placing the camera on manual focus, moving the focus ring to a reproduction ratio of 1:10, moving the camera closer to or farther from the subject until the ears are in sharp focus, and shooting the photograph. Ensure that the camera is level with the ears.

 Common mistakes: Failure to retract the hair obscuring the view of the ears is a common mistake. Leaving the flash in the hot shoe doe snot evenly illuminate both ears. Remove jewelry unless it is part of the pathology or injury. Do not let the camera's autofocus system focus on the bridge of the nose rather than on the ears. Remedy this problem by turning off the autofocus system.

 

 

Ears, Posterior (1:10 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient sits upright and looks straight ahead. Retract hair that obscures the view of the ears.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:10.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the back of the head.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the ears.

Plane of focus: At the level of the ears.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:10 is obtained by placing the camera on manual focus, moving the focus ring to a reproduction ratio of 1:10, moving the camera closer to or farther from the subject until the ears are in sharp focus, and shooting the photograph. Ensure that the camera is level with the ears.

Common mistakes: Failure to retract the hair obscuring the view of the ears is a common mistake. Leaving the flash in the hot shoe doe snot evenly illuminate both ears. Remove jewelry unless it is part of the pathology or injury. Do not let the camera's autofocus system focus on the bridge of the nose rather than on the ears. Remedy this problem by turning off the autofocus system.

 

 

Ear, Lateral (1:3 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient sits upright and looks straight ahead. Retract hair that obscures the view of the ear.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:3.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the side of the head.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the ear.

Plane of focus: At the level of the ear.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:3 is obtained by placing the camera on manual focus, moving the focus ring to a reproduction ratio of 1:3, moving the camera closer to or farther from the subject until the ear is in sharp focus, and shooting the photograph. Ensure that the camera is level with the ear.

Common mistakes: Failure to retract the hair obscuring the view of the ears is a common mistake. Leaving the flash in the hot shoe doe snot evenly illuminate the ear. Remove jewelry unless it is part of the pathology or injury. Using the fully automatic or program exposure setting results in poor depth of field.

 

 

Ear, Oblique Anterior (1:3 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient sits upright and looks straight ahead. Retract hair that obscures the view of the ear.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:3.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to an imaginary plane extending 45° from the side of the head.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the same side of the barrel of the lens as the patient's face, directed at the ear.

Plane of focus: At the level of the ear or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:3 is obtained by placing the camera on manual focus, moving the focus ring to a reproduction ratio of 1:3, moving the camera closer to or farther from the subject until the ear is in sharp focus, and shooting the photograph. Ensure that the camera is level with the ear.

Common mistakes: Failure to retract the hair obscuring the view of the ears is a common mistake. Leaving the flash in the hot shoe doe snot evenly illuminate the ear. Remove jewelry unless it is part of the pathology or injury. Using the fully automatic or program exposure setting results in poor depth of field.

 

 

Ear, Oblique Posterior (1:3 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient sits upright and looks straight ahead. Retract hair that obscures the view of the ear.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:3.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to an imaginary plane extending 45° from the side of the head.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the same side of the barrel of the lens as the patient's face, directed at the ear.

Plane of focus: At the level of the ear or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:3 is obtained by placing the camera on manual focus, moving the focus ring to a reproduction ratio of 1:3, moving the camera closer to or farther from the subject until the ear is in sharp focus, and shooting the photograph. Ensure that the camera is level with the ear.

 Common mistakes: Failure to retract the hair obscuring the view of the ears is a common mistake. Leaving the flash in the hot shoe doe snot evenly illuminate the ear. Remove jewelry unless it is part of the pathology or injury. Using the fully automatic or program exposure setting results in poor depth of field.