Arms, Dorsal (1:25 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands behind a gurney with the head elevated at 45°, placing the arms flat on the inclined surface, palms down. The fingers are evenly spaced. A pencil or pen may be used as a spacer. Alternatively, the patient may remain seating on the gurney with the head elevated 45°. A drape may be held behind the arms.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:25.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the dorsal arms.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the arms.

Plane of focus: At the level of the arms or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:25 is less critical when photographing both arms. The junction of the proximal one-third and distal two-thirds of the humerus is the superior border of the frame, and just below the fingertips is the inferior border. Ensure that the camera is on a plane parallel to the arms.

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the arms and casts unwanted shadows. Remove distractions such as clothing, patient ID bracelet, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. Using the automatic or program exposure modes may produce photographs with poor depth of field.

 

 

Arm, Dorsal (1:25 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands behind a gurney with the head elevated at 45°, placing the arm flat on the inclined surface, palm down. The fingers are evenly spaced. A pencil or pen may be used as a spacer. Alternatively, the patient may remain seating on the gurney with the head elevated 45°. A drape may be held behind the arm.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:25.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the dorsal arm.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the arm.

Plane of focus: At the level of the arm or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:25 is less critical when photographing the arm. The junction of the proximal one-third and distal two-thirds of the humerus is the superior border of the frame, and just below the fingertips is the inferior border. Ensure that the camera is on a plane parallel to the arms.

 

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the arm and casts unwanted shadows. Remove distractions such as clothing, patient ID bracelet, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. Using the automatic or program exposure modes may produce photographs with poor depth of field.

 

 

Forearms and Hands, Dorsal (1:15 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands behind a gurney with the head elevated at 45°, placing the forearms and hands flat on the inclined surface, palms down. The fingers are evenly spaced. A pencil or pen may be used as a spacer. Alternatively, the patient may remain seating on the gurney with the head elevated 45°. A drape may be held behind the forearms and hands.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:15.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the dorsal forearms and hands.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the forearms and hands.

Plane of focus: At the level of the forearms and hands or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:15 is less critical when photographing both forearms and hands. Just above the elbow is the superior border of the frame, and just below the fingertips is the inferior border. Ensure that the camera is on a plane parallel to the arms.

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the forearms and hands, and casts unwanted shadows. Remove distractions such as clothing, patient ID bracelet, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. Using the automatic or program exposure modes may produce photographs with poor depth of field.

 

 

Forearm and Hand, Dorsal (1:15 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands behind a gurney with the head elevated at 45°, placing the forearm and hand flat on the inclined surface, palms down. The fingers are evenly spaced. A pencil or pen may be used as a spacer. Alternatively, the patient may remain seating on the gurney with the head elevated 45°. A drape may be held behind the forearm and hand.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:15.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the dorsal forearm and hand.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the forearm and hand.

Plane of focus: At the level of the forearm and hand or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:15 is less critical when photographing the forearm and hand. Just above the elbow is the superior border of the frame, and just below the fingertips is the inferior border. Ensure that the camera is on a plane parallel to the arm.

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the forearm and hand, and casts unwanted shadows. Remove distractions such as clothing, patient ID bracelet, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. Using the automatic or program exposure modes may produce photographs with poor depth of field.

 

 

Arms, Volar (1:25 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands behind a gurney with the head elevated at 45°, placing the arms flat on the inclined surface, palms up. The fingers are evenly spaced. A pencil or pen may be used as a spacer. Alternatively, the patient may remain seating on the gurney with the head elevated 45°. A drape may be held behind the arms.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:25.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the volar arms.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the arms.

Plane of focus: At the level of the arms or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:25 is less critical when photographing both arms. The junction of the proximal one-third and distal two-thirds of the humerus is the superior border of the frame, and just below the fingertips is the inferior border. Ensure that the camera is on a plane parallel to the arm.

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the forearm and hand, and casts unwanted shadows. Remove distractions such as clothing, patient ID bracelet, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. Using the automatic or program exposure modes may produce photographs with poor depth of field.

 

 

Arm, Volar (1:25 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands behind a gurney with the head elevated at 45°, placing the arm flat on the inclined surface, palm up. The fingers are evenly spaced. A pencil or pen may be used as a spacer. Alternatively, the patient may remain seating on the gurney with the head elevated 45°. A drape may be held behind the arm.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:25.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the volar arm.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the arm.

Plane of focus: At the level of the arm or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:25 is less critical when photographing the arm. The junction of the proximal one-third and distal two-thirds of the humerus is the superior border of the frame, and just below the fingertips is the inferior border. Ensure that the camera is on a plane parallel to the arm.

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the forearm and hand, and casts unwanted shadows. Remove distractions such as clothing, patient ID bracelet, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. Using the automatic or program exposure modes may produce photographs with poor depth of field.

 

 

Forearms and Hands, Volar (1:15 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands behind a gurney with the head elevated at 45°, placing the forearms and hands flat on the inclined surface, palms up. The fingers are evenly spaced. A pencil or pen may be used as a spacer. Alternatively, the patient may remain seating on the gurney with the head elevated 45°. A drape may be held behind the forearms and hands.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:15.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the volar forearms and hands.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the forearms and hands.

Plane of focus: At the level of the forearms and hands or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:15 is less critical when photographing both forearms and hands. Just above the elbow is the superior border of the frame, and just below the fingertips is the inferior border. Ensure that the camera is on a plane parallel to the arms.

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the forearms and hands, and casts unwanted shadows. Remove distractions such as clothing, patient ID bracelet, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. Using the automatic or program exposure modes may produce photographs with poor depth of field.

 

 

Forearm and Hand, Volar (1:15 Vertical)

Patient position: The patient stands behind a gurney with the head elevated at 45°, placing the forearm and hand flat on the inclined surface, palm up. The fingers are evenly spaced. A pencil or pen may be used as a spacer. Alternatively, the patient may remain seating on the gurney with the head elevated 45°. A drape may be held behind the forearm and hand.

Background: A uniform background is desired. A black, blue, or gray color is ideal; however, white is acceptable.

Film: ASA 100 or 200 Ektachrome.

Exposure setting: Aperture priority mode with an aperture setting of f11 or smaller (f16 or f22).

Reproduction ratio: 1:15.

Camera position: The camera is held in the vertical format on a plane parallel to the volar forearm and hand.

Flash position: The flash is held off-camera along the top of the barrel of the lens directed at the forearm and hand.

Plane of focus: At the level of the forearm and hand or pathology.

Tips: A precise reproduction ratio of 1:15 is less critical when photographing the forearm and hand. Just above the elbow is the superior border of the frame, and just below the fingertips is the inferior border. Ensure that the camera is on a plane parallel to the arm.

Common mistakes: Leaving the flash in the hot shoe does not evenly illuminate the forearm and hand, and casts unwanted shadows. Remove distractions such as clothing, patient ID bracelet, and jewelry from the field of view unless they are part of the pathology or injury. Using the automatic or program exposure modes may produce photographs with poor depth of field.